The Government of Nepal is struggling to provide energy to its citizens. Denmark has engaged with sustainable energy in Nepal since the late 1990s. In the last twelve years, more than 1 million households, equivalent to about 5 million people, have gained access to renewable energy, which has created green jobs and helped families to better health. The main focus is on the rural districts of Nepal.
Time Frame: 2012-2017
Budget: DKK 205 million
Nearly 50 percent of the population lives without energy and more than ten hours a day, Kathmandu, is without electricity. This affects especially the rural areas where communities without electricity are dependent on manual labour to make a living, children are struggling to study without adequate light, and families must rely on traditional cooking stoves or “chulos”, which are highly ineffective and lead to overconsumption of precious forest resources. Traditional cooking stoves emit soot and gases having devastating health effects for the families – particularly for young children where acute respiratory infections are responsible for the death of tens of thousands of kids below the age of 5 each year.
National Rural Renewable Energy Programme (NRREP)
The programme started in 2012 and we are now moving in to a very ambitious phase. The Government of Nepal is in the driver’s seat and is being supported by a range of development partners, with Denmark as the lead donor. Through the National Rural and Renewable Energy Programme we support green and renewable energy; such as home solar power, hydro power, improved cooking stoves, and bio gas installations. The aim is to reach the poorest and most remote parts of the country, which can contribute to improved living standards and increased employment.
The programme has a decentralised structure and strong partnerships with NGOs, local authorities, and the private sector and it is funded through subsidies, credit, and technical support. It is a clear aim with this current programme to reach more than a million households with renewable energy within the next five years.
Expected major results:
• 150,000 household’s benefitting from community electrification
• Solar Home Systems: 600,000 systems
• Improved cooking stoves: 475,000 stoves
• Biogas: 130,000 household systems
• Mini and Micro Hydro Power: 25 MW
Partners: Alternative Energy Promotion Centre (AEPC), Ministry of Science, Technology and Environment (MoSTE)
For more information about Danida support to rural energy solutions in Nepal, visit our partner Alternative Energy Promotion Centre (AEPC): http://www.aepc.gov.np/
or see the links below:
ESAP Overview report
NREP Programme document